Here is the
basic link command that points to another section on your web page.
HREF="#linkname">Click on these words</A>
is the name of the section you are jumping or linking to. An example of a page
jump is the following (to return back here, just click on the BACK button on
your browser menu bar):
At the point or
place where you want the browser to jump to, you insert the following command:
This is the
actual command used for this:
<A HREF="#top">click here to go to the top of the page</A></H4>
If you do not
want to use a header tag, then use the paragraph tag as in:
HREF="#top">click here to go to the top of the page</A></P>
For example, at
the top of this page (right after the BODY tag), I entered this command:
and this is the
spot that the browser will jump to whenever someone clicks on the words "click
here to go to the top of the page".
following points with these two commands:
When you move
the mouse pointer anywhere on the words, "click here to go to the top of the
page", it turns into a pointing hand. Anytime you see a pointing hand, it
means that you are on a link and clicking on the link will take you some
place. Notice that when you move the pointer over the words "click here to go
to the top of the page", the location of this lesson, the file name of this
lesson (lesson6.htm) and the "linkname" (#top) appears on the status line at
the bottom of the browser (try it to see for yourself).
"#top" is called
the URL which stands for
Locator. A URL is the address or
location of the link.
A stands for
Anchor. In general, the anchor tag
tells the browser to anchor or to attach to something else. In HREF="#top", we
are using it to tell the browser to anchor or attach to another section on the
same page called "top".
Anchor tag must have a closing or
end tag (</A>) to signal the end of
element is a "container element".
Everything contained between the <A> and </A> tags is affected by the element.
In our example, the container element A
not only contains the name of the section we are jumping to ("top"), but also
the words to be clicked on ("click here to go to the top of the page").
element is called a Hyperlink as it
allows you to link to any location or address you want. The anchor tag is the
glue for hypertext documents. When
the enclosed text (which can also be an image instead of text) is selected by
the viewer, the viewer is immediately sent to the location specified in the
HREF stands for
REFerence. It means that "this is
where the link is going to" - that is, where the link is referenced. In my
example, it is going to a section called "top".
As my example
shows, the name I chose for the "linkname" was "top". Choose your link names
to reflect the section you are jumping to and there is no need to have long
# symbol that you see in the first
command (in my example, "#top") must be there. The
# denotes an
internal page link. Without it, your
browser will be looking for the code name outside the page you are on and of
course, it won't find the name.
There is no
# symbol in the NAME attribute.
NAME attribute is used to set up
"named anchors". The named anchor in our example is "top". When you click on
the link, the section where you place the NAME command (the target of your
HREF attribute) will appear at the top of the browser screen.
The name you
choose in the HREF attribute, must match the
case in the NAME attribute.
The value of the
HREF attribute ("#top" in our example) and the value of the NAME attribute
("top") must be enclosed with
quotation marks. If you don't
enclose with quotation marks, the hyperlink may not work correctly.
be nested. You cannot have an anchor within an anchor.
Please note that
the following two statements do exactly the same thing:
statements will place "A PARK" at the top of the browser screen when the
viewer clicks to go to that section. With the first statement, a good HTML
validator (a program to make sure you are writing correct HTML) will
warn you that you have an
empty container element A because no
statement is contained between the anchor tags. Normally when you use a
container element, it would be expected that something would be "contained"
between the opening and closing tags - hence the warning. The second statement
avoids this warning message as "A PARK" is contained between the anchor
tags. Note also that a HEADER tag is
not allowed between anchor tags, so
if "A PARK" uses a HEADER tag, then you must use the first statement.